Articles about Optics and Photonics, Lasers, Fiber Bragg gratings and FBG sensors

Factors that influence the choice of fiber laser systems

on October 11, 2019

fiber-3821957_640It should be noted that a laser system with higher power does not mean the opportunity to do things a much lower power fiber laser system will not. The application of Class 4 laser systems of 0.5 W of power is the ideal solution for laser technology treatment in clinics.

To be more precise,  photobiomodulation therapy or low-level fiber laser therapy requires a sufficient quantity of laser beam light energy into injured tissues. The thing is that skin scatters and reflects most of the laser beam light that it is exposed to resulting in great challenges.

Herewith, specific wavelengths of laser beam light energy have the skin penetration ability higher than others. Nonetheless, additional barriers (hemoglobin, oxyhemoglobin, fat, and water) are distinguished under the skin that also catches or reflects more of the remaining laser beam light. Thus, it is necessary to pay careful attention to the choice of therapeutic wavelengths to maximize a fiber laser system’s efficiency.

Also, laser systems with the ideal laser beam wavelengths to penetrate the tissue and a low level of overall power allow efficient treatment of small areas and take 30 minutes or even longer. The possible solution to the low power of fiber lasers and the requirement to treat a large area is substantially increasing treatment time to maintain the necessary dosage.

Such a disadvantage of Class 3b laser systems is considered to be the main reason a lot of early fiber laser research demonstrated amazing results. Compared to Class 3, Class 4 fiber laser systems are used in photobiomodulation, where the previous lasers leave off at 0.5W of laser beam power.

The higher power of laser systems enables “sufficient laser beam energy to be passed onto nerve, muscle, ligament, tendon, and capsular tissue in a reasonable amount of time”. The thing is that the usual therapy session takes from 2 to 6 minutes, which is acceptable in a clinical setting.

Fiber laser systems of high beam quality offer such benefit as the versatility to treat injured tissue in multiple areas in a given session, which greatly improves the overall effectiveness of the laser when adding it to a plan of care. Nevertheless, Class 4 laser systems commonly have a higher cost than Class 3 laser technology.

Finally, it is necessary to take into consideration the following factors when choosing fiber laser products: the laser device manufacturing, warranty parameters, application heads and a type of available customer service to learn the staff on how to use effectively the laser system after it is purchased. Although the fiber laser cost plays a crucial role, careful consideration should be given to the mentioned factors.

Optromix is a fast-growing fiber laser manufacturer and a vendor of optical fiber sensors and optical monitoring systems. The company offers fast turnkey solutions and creates sophisticated fiber laser systems for special purposes. Optromix uses only its technologies and develops a broad variety of fiber lasers. If you have any questions or would like to buy a laser system, please contact us at info@optromix.com

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editorFactors that influence the choice of fiber laser systems

Surgery of breast tumors by fiber laser systems does not leave scars

on October 4, 2019

pink-ribbon-3713632_640Fiber laser system allows women to have surgery procedure of breast tumor removal without scars that takes less than an hour and leaves only a tiny puncture mark. Thus, a new laser system treatment for breast cancer was recently approved for application in the UK, and it is planned to use the fiber laser surgery in other countries.

To be more precise, the surgery by the fiber laser system requires just local anesthetic. Frances Barr from Bristol became one of the first women in Britain to be subjected to a new laser system surgery for breast cancer. Compared to traditional surgery with a general anesthetic, laser technology is based on the use of local anesthetic.

The principle of fiber laser operation is based on a fine, hollow needle that is inserted through the breast tissue into the tumor, herewith, a fiber probe is brought through the needle and a hot laser beam attacks the tumor. It should be noted that after the injection of local anesthetic into the front of the breast, then the doctor applies a handheld ultrasound monitor to guide a needle towards the tumor.

When the tip of the needle achieves it, the fiber laser probe is inserted to defeat  the cancerous tissue, herein, the patient is awake during the process. The woman said that she felt some inconveniences when the needle forced its way in, however, this was not painful. The dead tissue was also removed after the laser system surgery and no trace of cancer left. The laser technology succeeded.

Compared to a lumpectomy procedure, fiber laser treatment does not present any major risks, however, the procedure can not be currently used for breast tumors bigger than 20 mm in diameter. Nonetheless, the cancer surgery by fiber laser system is regarded to be particularly effective for older women with small breast tumors who may be less able to stand the traditional surgery. Also, the doctors have to be certain that the laser system treatment removes all cancer.

Every year about 25.000 women in the UK are exposed to a lumpectomy procedure for breast cancer, generally when the tumor has not spread. Conventional techniques are useful, however, leave scars that may become infected (1.5-10%). The new laser technology, in its turn, offers the same results, but without the collateral damage because of the tiny size of the entry point. 

The surgery by fiber laser system takes only ten minutes to achieve the required laser beam temperature of 60 °C to 100 °C. Additionally, the laser system has heat fiber sensors that detect enough temperature eliminating the risk of damage to healthy tissue. Finally, only two tiny puncture marks are left, and it is not necessary to keep a patient at the hospital. Herewith, the main benefit of fiber laser treatment is the opportunity to repeat the process if scans reveal it didn’t destroy all of the tumors the first time around.

Optromix is a fast-growing fiber laser manufacturer and a vendor of optical fiber sensors and optical monitoring systems. The company offers fast turnkey solutions and creates sophisticated fiber laser systems for special purposes. Optromix uses only its technologies and develops a broad variety of fiber lasers. If you have any questions or would like to buy a laser system, please contact us at info@optromix.com

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editorSurgery of breast tumors by fiber laser systems does not leave scars

Organic laser system enlarges its applications

on September 27, 2019

rays-1200805_640According to the last research, now it has become possible to design accessible laser systems that are able to emit laser beams of a wide range of colors resulting in new fields of applications from communications and sensing systems to displays. Thus, researchers from Japan have developed an optically pumped organic thin-film laser module that allows continuously producing laser beam light for 30 ms that is about 100 times longer than previously used laser devices.

Compared to conventional inorganic laser systems (used in CD drives and laser pointers), the principle of organic thin-film laser module’s operation is based on a thin layer of organic molecules as the laser medium that emits laser beams by producing and intensifying light during the excitement of an energy source. Herewith, an intense ultraviolet laser beam light from an inorganic laser system is regarded as the energy source.

Additionally, the organic laser system is highly potential because it offers such an advantage as the opportunity to more easily reach colors that are virtually impossible with inorganic laser devices. It should be noted that “by designing and synthesizing molecules with new structures, laser beam emission of any color of the rainbow is possible.” Although organic thin-film laser systems have been studied for a long time, such features as degradation and loss processes have significantly restricted the duration of laser beam emission.

Nonetheless, the researchers succeeded to overcome the mentioned challenges and enlarge the duration of laser system process by unifying three strategies:

  • the use of an organic fiber laser medium with triplet excitons that absorb a various color of laser beam light than that produced by the laser system to decrease main losses originating from the absorption of emission by packets of energy.
  •  the problem of thermal degradation is solved by manufacturing the laser devices on a crystalline silicon wafer and gluing a piece of sapphire glass on top of the organic laser system medium with a special polymer. The thing is that the silicon and sapphire material, applied in the organic thin-film laser module, are considered to be good heat conductors that reduce the heat level in the laser devices.
  • the strategy of optimization of a frequently used grating structure or mixed-order distributed feedback structure installed under the organic laser system medium to achieve optical feedback, the input energy required to keep the laser devices allows reducing to new lows.

These laser systems can be used in extreme environments, that is why searching for new laser techniques  to take away any inefficiencies and prevent laser devices from overheating. Moreover, the combination of the organic laser modules with inorganic ones enables to produce colors that are difficult to create employing a conventional type of lasers, with applications in process spectroscopy, communications, displays, and sensing systems.

Optromix is a fast-growing fiber laser manufacturer and a vendor of optical fiber sensors and optical monitoring systems. The company offers fast turnkey solutions and creates sophisticated fiber laser systems for special purposes. Optromix uses only its technologies and develops a broad variety of fiber lasers. If you have any questions or would like to buy a laser system, please contact us at info@optromix.com

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editorOrganic laser system enlarges its applications

Differences between fiber optic endoscope and borescope

on September 20, 2019

light-1502758_640It is a well-known fact that fiber optic technology has various fields of application. For instance, fiber technology has greatly improved the way industries perform repair operations of difficult or heavy equipment. Thus, fiber optic endoscopes and video borescopes enable to access or see hidden niches or joints in their hardware resulting in time and money economy that could be spent in complex disassembly operations.

It should be noted that fiber optic endoscope and video borescope are both optical fiber inspection devices. Nevertheless, it is necessary to determine which fiber optic device or unit will offer more advantages. Therefore, a company should understand what they will apply the optical device for before its choice. Some of the most obvious differences between endoscopic fiber system and video borescope are the following:

  • Durability

The thing is that the optical fiber in fiber optic endoscopes is regarded as thin and fragile. It means that the fibers can be easily broken if not handled correctly. Additionally, it is very easy to detect any damage to such fiber optic device: the quality of the projected image reduces in this case, and there are numerous black dots. Herewith, this fiber optic technology has limited articulation capability spanning no more than 90 degrees. Compared to fiber optic endoscopes, video borescopes, in their turn, are more shock resistant.

  • Image Resolution

Endoscopes based on optical fiber technology have a video image display system attached, but the obtained image is indirect. To be more precise, the image is provided by fiber optic bundles that catch the original image. Nevertheless, fiber optic endoscopes based on fiber technology could have black dots or broken pixels. A video borescope includes a tiny video camera installed at the distal end of the insertion tube.

  • Health Impact

Compared to video borescopes, fiber optic endoscopes have an insignificant impact on eyes when looking into eyepiece of optical fiberscope, herewith, such fiber technology has a lower cost than video borescopes that use additional larger PC or TV monitor.

  • Repair Cost

The damage of a fiber optic probe requires reconstruction of the entire unit while a video borescope consists of various modules that can be disassembled into individual parts. Finally, the optical fiber system based on fiber technology remains the most commonly used in various industries. 

Optromix is a provider of top quality special fibers and broad spectra optical fiber solutions. The company delivers the best quality special fibers and fiber cables, fiber optic bundles, spectroscopy fiber optic probes, probe couplers and accessories for process spectroscopy to clients. If you have any questions or would like to buy an optical fiber product, please contact us at info@optromix.com

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editorDifferences between fiber optic endoscope and borescope

Military application of laser systems

on September 12, 2019

us-army-379036_640Nowadays U.S. Army Infantry receives high threats, while they advance through wooded, rocky terrain to maneuver to contact and “close with the enemy” resulting in facing the most incoming fire of any army unit. This is the main reason why the U.S. Army needs additional protection. The application of laser technologies is considered to be a possible solution to the problem.

To be more precise, modern laser technologies can be implemented for the use of pre-shot detection, it means that such laser systems embedded in Army weapons would allow identifying enemy weapons before they are fired. The laser system enables to detect an optical part of a weapon (glass) directed at a military servant. It should be noted that such an opportunity for laser technology to see a person and detect a shot threat provides a great benefit.

Thus, according to researchers, the laser system technology allows soldiers to find their enemies without first being fired upon leading to saving human lives and changing military tactics. Nevertheless, these portable laser system emitters are still in development. Herewith, the developed laser technology should be used along with the Army’s existing Rapid Target Acquisition system that applies wireless data links to connect night vision goggles with rifle weapons sights.

Additionally, the application of such laser devices by military servants offers numerous new combat benefits. For example, laser system weapons are used both as an offensive weapon and a “detector” capable to find targets. Herein, there are scalable laser devices, it means that they are able to collect several laser beams or fire in more narrow configurations offering various options.

The application of the defensive laser system for detection may include soldier-fired offensive laser module weapons. The laser beams are very rapid (they travel at the speed of light), moreover, the laser devices are highly quiet. Therefore, it is possible to fire silently allowing military servants not to give up their position.

In spite of the fact that weapons based on laser technology are in development stages, they are already used in the following fields of laser application: firing laser devices for army strykers, the weapons system for the Navy, ground-testing laser weapons for the Air Force. A potential application of the laser system includes missile defense and armed drones engineered for space flight.

The use of laser technologies for military purposes has several developmental challenges. The thing is that mobile power sources are required for laser systems to operate, also portable laser devices pose some technical challenges which are necessary to be improved.

Optromix is a fast-growing fiber laser manufacturer and a vendor of optical fiber sensors and optical monitoring systems. The company offers fast turnkey solutions and creates sophisticated fiber laser systems for special purposes. Optromix uses only its technologies and develops a broad variety of fiber lasers. If you have any questions or would like to buy a laser system, please contact us at info@optromix.com

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editorMilitary application of laser systems

Laser systems help to study explosions

on September 6, 2019

sun-581299_640An explosion is considered to be a complex activity that is characterized by quickly changing temperatures, pressures and chemical concentrations. A special type of infrared laser system called a swept-wavelength external cavity quantum cascade tunable fiber laser offers valuable and never-before-seen information about explosive fireballs.

This fiber laser device is versatile and includes such an advantage as a broad wavelength tuning range that enables to measure numerous chemical substances as well as huge molecules in an explosive fireball. Researchers confirm that the capability of the laser system to measure and monitor the crucial changes during explosions will favor them to understand and even control the events.

The measurements by the laser system are performed with the help of rugged temperature or pressure probes placed inside an exploding fireball resulting in physical information, nevertheless,  the fiber laser device does not allow measuring chemical changes that may be created during the process of the explosion. Thus, it is possible to make a sampling of the donation end products by the tunable laser system, however, the data information will be presented only after the explosion is over.

The thing is that the laser system enables to detect molecules in the fireball by controlling the way they interact with light, significantly in the infrared region. It should be mentioned that “these measurements are fast and can be taken a safe distance away”, herewith, laser systems are essential for these purposes because fireballs are turbulent and contain highly absorbing substances.

The application of a new laser system device measures explosive occurrences real at faster speeds, at higher resolutions and for longer periods than it was possible before using infrared laser beam light. Therefore, now the swept-wavelength external cavity quantum cascade tunable fiber laser offers new measurements due to the combination of the best qualities provided high-resolution tunable laser system spectroscopy and broadband fiber optic techniques such as FTIR.

The fiber laser system was tested on four types of high-energy explosives, all integrated into a specially developed chamber to contain the fireball. Herewith, a laser beam from the tunable fiber laser is directed through this chamber while quickly changing the laser beam light’s wavelength, then the light is recorded throughout each explosion to measure changes.

Finally, the detailed analysis of the information obtained by the laser system offers the required data about temperature and concentrations of these substances throughout the explosive case. The tunable fiber laser opens a new way to study explosive detonations that could find other applications. Additionally, it is planned to extend the measurements due to the development of laser technology to more wavelengths, faster scan rates, and higher resolutions in the nearest future.

Optromix is a fast-growing fiber laser manufacturer and a vendor of optical fiber sensors and optical monitoring systems. The company offers fast turnkey solutions and creates sophisticated fiber laser systems for special purposes. Optromix uses only its technologies and develops a broad variety of fiber lasers. If you have any questions or would like to buy a laser system, please contact us at info@optromix.com

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editorLaser systems help to study explosions

The improved fiber optic cables offer better data transmission

on August 30, 2019

fiber-optic-cable-246270_640Researchers from the USA have found a way to redirect wrong light waves to improve fiber optic technology resulting in energy loss reduction during optical data transmission. The fiber technology presented by the researchers is based on an interaction between light and sound waves to restrain the scattering of light from material defects – which could result in perfected optical fiber communication. 

The thing is that even a tiny crack in a window or a flaw in a fiber optic cable influence on the scattering of light waves during their facing obstacles. Herewith, it should be noted that the major part of that light scatters out of the optical fiber system, however, another part of it scatters back toward the light source, resulting in such process as backscattering.

Additionally, a perfect material does not exist in nature, even a tiny imperfection and a little bit of randomness in the materials, which are used in the fiber optic technology, are present. For example, even the most ideal optical fiber applied for long-range data transmission might still have some hidden defects. The background of these defects can be various (a result of a manufacturing or thermal and mechanical changes to the material), and these drawbacks lead to the performance limits for any fiber optic system.

There is an opinion that the process of undesirable backscattering can be reduced by using special materials that have specific magnetic features, but the researchers confirm that it is impossible to implement into current fiber optic systems that apply transparent, nonmagnetic materials such as silicon or silica glass.

The new fiber optic technology is based on the interaction of light with sound waves alternatively to magnetic fields that finally allows controlling the process of backscattering. The thing is that the light waves pass through most materials at a similar speed no matter direction. The use of direction-sensitive optomechanical interactions in the fiber system may effectively suppress backscattering.

Thus, fiber optic technology operates as a one-way mirror. To be more precise, the blocking of backward light wave propagation leads to the situation when there is no way to go. The optical fiber system was demonstrated by the researchers, they transmit light waves into a small sphere made of silica glass, which is known as a microresonator.

Finally, the advance in fiber optic technology is still considered to be very subtle at this stage and requires further development. Therefore, the opportunity to suppress the process of backscattering in such material as silica glass proves that it is possible to produce better optical fiber cable or event continue to use old, damaged fiber cables rather than change them.

Optromix is a provider of top quality special fibers and broad spectra optical fiber solutions. The company delivers the best quality special fibers and fiber cables, fiber optic bundles, spectroscopy fiber optic probes, probe couplers and accessories for process spectroscopy to clients. If you have any questions or would like to buy an optical fiber product, please contact us at info@optromix.com

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editorThe improved fiber optic cables offer better data transmission

Fiber laser systems promote product technologies

on August 23, 2019

the-laser-cuts-4398315_640Such advantages of fiber lasers as throughput, reliability, and low operational cost make laser systems a powerhouse in the manufacturing industries where it is necessary to cut, weld, mark, and micromachine materials. Herewith, fiber laser systems differ from traditional industrial lasers by their unique features. For example, high-power single-mode laser systems and widely flexible pulsed fiber lasers allow solving various process challenges by electronic control of operating parameters.

The principle of fiber laser operation is based on converting relatively low-brightness pump light emitted by laser diodes into high-brightness output, where the output laser beam quality is often the only spatial mode enabled by the physics of the fiber laser system design. The uniqueness of fiber lasers among other types of lasers includes such features as a sealed optical cavity and a single-mode, guided-wave medium.

It should be noted that a sealed optical path in modern fiber laser systems provides the immunity to environmental contamination and enables not to carry out any adjustment. High-power laser system’s components include single-mode laser modules into high-brightness delivery fiber in fused fiber combiners. Thus, fiber lasers are considered to be a highly reliable laser technology that offers minimal variation over time and temperature.

The thing is that the use of sealed pump diodes and non-darkening fiber optic technology creates a laser system that is possible to be used continuously in production for years without any adjustment or degradation. For example, numerous industrial manufacturers use fiber lasers or disk laser for metal cutting and welding because of the practically equal power, laser beam quality, wavelength, reliability, and beam delivery options.

The most common applications of fiber laser systems include high-speed remote welding because there is no need for the contact process during laser system welding, that is why laser technology includes no tool wear. Additionally, fiber lasers allow achieving joining of various materials due to the brightness and dynamic capabilities of laser systems that were considered to be unweldable before.

Also, now it is possible to employ the same fiber laser in the same optical configuration for a different range of materials processing applications by controlling simply both the laser beam pulse parameters and the scanhead toolpath. One more laser application is cleaning and drilling that were a real challenge for industrial laser systems because they had to deal with a significant variation of target materials.

Therefore, such qualities of modern fiber lasers as the brightness, stability, and flexibility extends the present material processing applications and create new ones. Fiber laser technology is perfect for manufacturing with identical laser beam properties from unit to unit, with no field adjustment or maintenance.

Optromix is a fast-growing fiber laser manufacturer and a vendor of optical fiber sensors and optical monitoring systems. The company offers fast turnkey solutions and creates sophisticated fiber laser systems for special purposes. Optromix uses only its own technologies and develops a broad variety of fiber lasers. If you have any questions or would like to buy a laser system, please contact us at info@optromix.com

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editorFiber laser systems promote product technologies

Medical application of fiber optic sensors

on August 16, 2019

doctor-563428_640Advances in the medical sphere and developments in life quality have caused a longer life expectancy of the human population, thus, increasing needs for assistive fiber optic technology, especially, for novel medical devices and fiber sensors. Fiber optic sensors offer such advantages as the electromagnetic field immunity, high flexibility, high sensitivity for mechanical parameters, higher elastic limits, and impact resistance. 

The mentioned optical fiber advantages are ideally suited for the majority of healthcare tools and movement analysis because they meet all the instrumentation requirements. Additionally, opportunities presented by optical fiber sensors are considered to find further widespread fiber applications due to the aforementioned benefits.

It should be mentioned that fiber optic technology is intrinsically safe for such fields of applications as industrial, medical, and structural health monitoring. Optical fiber sensors allow monitoring such factors as angle, refractive index, temperature, humidity, acceleration, pressure, breathing rate, and oxygen saturation. Herewith, it is possible to insert fiber sensors in textiles for sensing applications, resulting in the creation of optical fiber textiles.

Despite the development of fiber optic sensors, the need for medical tools does not stop increasing, particularly because of the population aging. Moreover, fiber sensors are used for the development of a new generation of robotic devices for the medical area that requires a more reliable performance of the fiber sensing system.

At the same time, the features of fiber sensors have to be as flexible and compact as possible to meet the current requirements. Herewith, the requirements for intrusive fiber sensing systems are much higher because it must have an additional quality such as biocompatibility, that is why fiber optic technology remains in constant development.

Traditionally, fiber sensing systems employ electronic or electromechanical sensors that have numerous disadvantages such as sensitivity to misalignments, electromagnetic fields sensitivity, lower compactness, need for frequent calibration and sometimes hysteresis and drift on the sensor response. Compared to electronic sensors, fiber optic sensors have not got these weaknesses.

Medical application of fiber sensors includes their use study of bones decalcification and strain distribution, evaluation of intervertebral disks, dental splints, cardiac monitoring, and biosensors for pathologies detection. Also, several fiber optic sensors enable to carry out intramuscular, intracranial, and intra-articular pressure assessment in prosthesis sockets and strain distribution on the prosthesis as well as on the investigation of actuator dynamics in an orthosis, etc.

If you want to obtain a highly efficient sensing system, you should choose Optromix company. Optromix is a manufacturer of innovative fiber optic products for the global market. The company provides the most technologically advanced fiber optic solutions for monitoring worldwide. Optromix is a fast-growing vendor of fiber Bragg grating (FBG) product line such as fiber Bragg grating sensors, FBG interrogators and multiplexers, distributed acoustic sensing (DAS) systems, distributed temperature sensing (DTS) systems. The company provides a wide range of sensors: temperature sensors, strain sensors, displacement sensors, tiltmeters, accelerometers. If you are interested in fiber optic sensors and want to learn more, please contact us at info@optromix.com

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editorMedical application of fiber optic sensors

The permanent washwater monitoring from scrubbing systems

on August 9, 2019

ship-981597_640Today all the shipowners face one of the main challenges in the shipping industry that is MARPOL Treaty that stands less than half a year away. According to these air treatment regulations, the sulfur content limit for marine fuels is required to be 0.5% of the total number. In spite of the fact, that some shipowners continue looking for the most appropriate options for them, scrubbing systems remain the best variant for the air pollution control.

It should be noted that a special document named “To Scrub or Not to Scrub” has been published in order to help shipowners to solve the problem of choosing a scrubber. The document includes information about different types of scrubbers available. Herewith, despite the fact that scrubbing technology also demands a type of approval certification, there are no guarantees that scrubbers will operate within specification without some form of permanent monitoring of their washwater output in the future.

The thing is that the air treatment regulations are still changing, resulting in a huge amount of information and even misinformation concerning the installation of scrubbing systems that finally prevents shipowners from taking a decision. As for expert opinions, scrubbing application is possible because wet scrubbers enable to change the pollutant from a toxic component in the air to a natural component of seawater, SO2 to sulfate, therefore, there is no negative impact to the sea environment.

Additionally, ship owners should pay attention to washwater monitoring equipment that plays a very important role because of potential changes in regulations for providing air pollution control and finally may become obligatory. Nowadays, there are available monitoring systems to control the individual parameters, however, these systems for controlling washwater output from scrubbing systems are typically stand-alone.

This is the reason why combined systems for monitoring scrubbers’ washwater are still in development. The main purpose of such exhaust scrubber washwater monitor is the controlling the PaH levels (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, it is a dissolved kind of hydrocarbon) in the washwater charged to sea, the Turbidity level, and the pH level.

Scrubbing systems are considered to be an air treatment device that allows shipping to remain cost-competitive by enabling them to burn the cheaper HFO products, a by-product of oil fracking. The option of changing the fuel may potentially lead to more maintenance problems and equipment reliability, thus, scrubbing systems are the most appropriate variant.

Optromix is a fast-growing vendor of wet air scrubbers. The multi-vortex scrubber is able to remove gas emissions, dust, vapors, and other pollutants from a gas stream.  It is an innovative technology created to save water that makes it more cost-efficient and differs from other types of scrubbers.  If you have any questions or would like to buy a multi-vortex wet air scrubber, please contact us at info@optromix.com

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editorThe permanent washwater monitoring from scrubbing systems