Articles about Optics and Photonics, Lasers, Fiber Bragg gratings and FBG sensors

Ultrafast laser beam pulses demonstrate a previously unseen matter phase

on November 15, 2019

light-579290_640A team of researchers from the U.S. performs experimentы with ultrafast laser beam pulses that allow creating a previously unseen phase of matter. For instance, adding energy to any material almost always change its structure. However, new experiments by laser systems demonstrate the opposite: “when a pattern called a charge density wave in a certain material is hit with a fast laser beam pulse, a whole new charge density wave is created—a highly ordered state, instead of the expected disorder.”

The thing is that such laser technology may reveal hidden features in materials of all types. The researchers perform the experiment with ultrafast laser beam pulses by applying lanthanum tritelluride material that naturally changes into a layered structure. It should be noted that a wavelike pattern of electrons in high- and low-density areas creates spontaneously in the material, however, it is limited by a single direction within him.

Herewith, an ultrafast burst of laser beam light (less than a picosecond long) leads to the obliteration of the previous pattern and the creation of a new one. To be more precise, the novel pattern produced in the result of the laser system process is regarded as something that has never been observed before in this material. This pattern appears for only a flash, vanishing within a few more picoseconds.

It is not a discovery that matter can have two possible competitive states and that the dominant mode can suppress alternative modes. The laser technology, in its turn, reveals that different types of matter can have latent states lurking unseen if a technique will be found to restrain the dominant state. It is possible to see by using ultrafast laser beam pulses at these competing states that are considered to have equivalent crystal structures due to the predictable, orderly patterns of their subatomic constituents.

The opportunity of laser systems that suppressing other phases of matter may reveal completely new material features uncovers numerous new areas of application. This is the reason why it is highly necessary to discover material phases that can only be out of equilibrium. To be more precise, what is meant here is material states that would never be achieved without a technique, such as this system of laser beam pulses, for suppressing the dominant phase.

Traditionally, researchers transform chemical changes, or pressure, or magnetic fields to change the material phase, while now they apply laser beam light to perform these transformations. Finally, the results of laser technology may enable to better understand the role of phase competition in other systems resulting in discovering higher-temperature superconductors and finding out why superconductivity appears in some materials at relatively high temperatures.

Optromix is a fast-growing fiber laser manufacturer and a vendor of optical fiber sensors and optical monitoring systems. The company offers fast turnkey solutions and creates sophisticated fiber laser systems for special purposes. Optromix uses only its technologies and develops a broad variety of fiber lasers. If you have any questions or would like to buy a laser system, please contact us at info@optromix.com

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editorUltrafast laser beam pulses demonstrate a previously unseen matter phase

Production of optical fiber preforms by 3D printing

on November 8, 2019

3d-791205_640A new technique of 3D printing application has been developed to produce optical fiber preforms that are commonly used as the backbone of the global telecommunications network. It is planned that this fiber optic technology allows not only making the optical fiber production easier but also open up new designs and applications that were impossible before.

The thing is that the traditional creation of silica optical fibers is based on “the labor-intensive process of spinning tubes on a lathe, which requires the fiber’s core or cores to be precisely centered”. Nevertheless, modern fiber optic technology does not require to center the fiber geometry resulting in the overcome of some optical fiber limitations in design and the reduction of manufacture cost.

A group of researchers from Australia has succeeded to make the first silica optical fibers by 3D printing. It should be noted that the 3D printing technique for optical fiber manufacturing may change the entire approach to fiber optic design and goal. For instance, it is possible to enlarge the applications of fiber optic sensors that significantly overpass their electronic equivalents relatively to longevity, calibration, and maintenance, however, fiber sensors haven’t been widely employed because of their expensive fabrication.

Herewith, the developed fiber optic technology is based on the previous work in which polymer material was applied to show the first optical fiber produced from a 3D printed preform. Nevertheless, this research faced several material problems including the high temperatures (higher than 1900 °C) required to 3D print optical fibers.

New optical fibers are produced by unique heating step (debinding) to take away the polymer and leave behind only the silica nanoparticles, which are put together by intermolecular forces. Then the nanoparticles transform into a solid structure by raising the temperature, therefore, it could be installed into a draw tower where it is heated and pulled to produce the optical fiber.

Finally, the new technique enables the researchers to create a preform equivalent of a traditional optical fiber that could be employed to produce multi- or single-mode fibers, depending on drawing conditions. The researchers confirm that this fiber optic technology demonstrates great results and can be used for a large variety of fiber optic material processing. Additionally, the production of optical fiber preforms by 3D printings is regarded to be a possible opportunity to replace the traditional methods of making optical fibers. Thus, not only fabrication and material costs of fiber optics but also labor costs will be reduced.

Optromix is a provider of top quality special fibers and broad spectra optical fiber solutions. The company delivers the best quality special fibers and fiber cables, fiber optic bundles, spectroscopy fiber optic probes, probe couplers and accessories for process spectroscopy to clients. If you have any questions or would like to buy an optical fiber product, please contact us at info@optromix.com

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editorProduction of optical fiber preforms by 3D printing

Fiber laser system en bloc resection of bladder tumors

on November 1, 2019

surgery-1807541_640Bladder cancer is considered to be the second most widespread urological cancer in adults and the seventh most general diagnosis of cancer in males. This type of cancer is traditionally treated by fiber laser transurethral resection. The operating principle of such a fiber laser system is based on the surgical removal of a bladder tumor from the bladder wall. 

Compared to fiber laser technology, traditional techniques face several morphological difficulties and complications, for instance, possible cancer recurrence (about 60-70% of cases), detrusor muscle presence (30-60%), inability to precisely separate the tumor causing to lamina propria damage, potential tumor seeding, or incomplete resection.

Nowadays the thulium technology, based on fiber laser systems, is regarded as a new laser technique in prostate ablation onto the urological sphere. The fiber laser technology provides such benefits as the opportunity to transmit a high energy output from a relatively small optical fiber core. Compared to Holmium laser systems operating at infrared wavelengths more than 2.000 nm, “Thulium fiber lasers operate at wavelengths of 1,908 nm and 1,940 nm, two wavelengths that match more closely with water’s optimal absorption peak”.

Thus, the fiber laser system provides a much more accurate resections of bladder cancer. The surgery by fiber lasers has been already tested and demonstrates great results. To be more precise, fiber laser technology shows its high efficiency in cases with complicated tumor locations and abnormal anatomies, for example, bladder dome tumors, tumors placed in close proximity to the ureteral orifice, and tumors that cover the ureteral orifice.

Additionally, clinical and laboratory researches of fiber lasers improve the morphological diagnostic criteria for NMIBC and give the required information about the specimen quality after thulium laser system resection and traditional transurethral resection of bladder tumor techniques.

Finally, the en bloc resection technique by fiber laser system enables to minimize coagulation of the tumor base and urothelium along resection margins resulting in the complete impossibility of any tumor mass coagulation. Also, it should be mentioned that during fiber laser surgery all bladder layers remain saved from an intact specimen, therefore, saving the differentiation from the tumor and its base. Such fiber laser technology plays a crucial role, since laser system surgery may enable to choose a more correct and appropriate treatment strategy for bladder cancer diagnoses in the future.

Optromix is a fast-growing fiber laser manufacturer and a vendor of optical fiber sensors and optical monitoring systems. The company offers fast turnkey solutions and creates sophisticated fiber laser systems for special purposes. Optromix uses only its technologies and develops a broad variety of fiber lasers. If you have any questions or would like to buy a laser system, please contact us at info@optromix.com

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editorFiber laser system en bloc resection of bladder tumors

Lithography application of ultrafast fiber lasers for smart cloth

on October 25, 2019

laser-2819143_640Recently waterproof energy-storing cloth for smart garments was developed on the basis of carbon-dioxide and ultrafast fiber lasers. Researchers from Australia offer cost-efficient and scalable fiber laser technology that allows fast fabricating textiles with energy-storage devices installed inside them. The technology based on CO2 laser system and ultrafast laser can produce a 10 × 10 cm smart-textile patch that has such benefits as waterproofing, stretchability, herewith, it can be easily integrated with energy-harvesting technologies.

To be more precise, the fiber laser technology promotes graphene supercapacitors (energy-storage devices) to be printed by laser systems directly onto textiles such as nylon. The principle of the technology is based on the combination of a supercapacitor printing by a fiber laser and a photovoltaic cell to create an efficient, washable, self-powering smart fabric. Additionally, the researchers confirm that such a laser system is able to overcome the main disadvantages of current e-textile energy-storage technologies.

It should be noted that the popular smart-fabrics industry finds numerous laser applications in wearable devices for “the consumer, healthcare, and defense sectors, including monitoring vital signs of patients, tracking the location and health status of soldiers in the field, and monitoring pilots and drivers for fatigue”. The most widespread laser system application is considered to be laser lithography.

The thing is that the researchers put an elastomer solution (polydimethylsiloxane) on one side of nylon textile while a solution of graphene oxide and binder is coated onto the other and dried to form a film 3 μm thick. Then CO2 laser and femtosecond laser is used to form the fabric. The carbon laser performs photothermal reduction, while the ultrafast fiber laser achieves a combination of photothermal and photochemical reduction. Thus, the researchers succeeded to produce supercapacitor electrodes 10 μm thick over an area of 100 cm2 with an interelectrode distance of 80 μm with the help of fiber laser systems.

Herewith, the laser beam power of 4.5 W up to 8 W is used for the photoreduction process. Finally, the researchers discovered that after washing and drying the resulting graphene-enhanced cloth 50 times in commercial laundering machines, the electrical conductivity of the thin film, produced by CO2 and ultrafast fiber lasers, remains virtually unchanged compared with its initial state.

It is planned that the fiber laser technology allows real-time storage of renewable energy for e-textiles, as well as a faster roll-to-roll fabrication based on multifocal fabrication and machine learning techniques. If you are looking for a fiber laser of high beam quality, you should choose the Optromix company.

Optromix is a fast-growing fiber laser manufacturer and a vendor of optical fiber sensors and optical monitoring systems. The company offers fast turnkey solutions and creates sophisticated fiber laser systems for special purposes. Optromix uses only its technologies and develops a broad variety of fiber lasers. If you have any questions or would like to buy a laser system, please contact us at info@optromix.com

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editorLithography application of ultrafast fiber lasers for smart cloth

Factors that influence the choice of fiber laser systems

on October 11, 2019

fiber-3821957_640It should be noted that a laser system with higher power does not mean the opportunity to do things a much lower power fiber laser system will not. The application of Class 4 laser systems of 0.5 W of power is the ideal solution for laser technology treatment in clinics.

To be more precise,  photobiomodulation therapy or low-level fiber laser therapy requires a sufficient quantity of laser beam light energy into injured tissues. The thing is that skin scatters and reflects most of the laser beam light that it is exposed to resulting in great challenges.

Herewith, specific wavelengths of laser beam light energy have the skin penetration ability higher than others. Nonetheless, additional barriers (hemoglobin, oxyhemoglobin, fat, and water) are distinguished under the skin that also catches or reflects more of the remaining laser beam light. Thus, it is necessary to pay careful attention to the choice of therapeutic wavelengths to maximize a fiber laser system’s efficiency.

Also, laser systems with the ideal laser beam wavelengths to penetrate the tissue and a low level of overall power allow efficient treatment of small areas and take 30 minutes or even longer. The possible solution to the low power of fiber lasers and the requirement to treat a large area is substantially increasing treatment time to maintain the necessary dosage.

Such a disadvantage of Class 3b laser systems is considered to be the main reason a lot of early fiber laser research demonstrated amazing results. Compared to Class 3, Class 4 fiber laser systems are used in photobiomodulation, where the previous lasers leave off at 0.5W of laser beam power.

The higher power of laser systems enables “sufficient laser beam energy to be passed onto nerve, muscle, ligament, tendon, and capsular tissue in a reasonable amount of time”. The thing is that the usual therapy session takes from 2 to 6 minutes, which is acceptable in a clinical setting.

Fiber laser systems of high beam quality offer such benefit as the versatility to treat injured tissue in multiple areas in a given session, which greatly improves the overall effectiveness of the laser when adding it to a plan of care. Nevertheless, Class 4 laser systems commonly have a higher cost than Class 3 laser technology.

Finally, it is necessary to take into consideration the following factors when choosing fiber laser products: the laser device manufacturing, warranty parameters, application heads and a type of available customer service to learn the staff on how to use effectively the laser system after it is purchased. Although the fiber laser cost plays a crucial role, careful consideration should be given to the mentioned factors.

Optromix is a fast-growing fiber laser manufacturer and a vendor of optical fiber sensors and optical monitoring systems. The company offers fast turnkey solutions and creates sophisticated fiber laser systems for special purposes. Optromix uses only its technologies and develops a broad variety of fiber lasers. If you have any questions or would like to buy a laser system, please contact us at info@optromix.com

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editorFactors that influence the choice of fiber laser systems

Surgery of breast tumors by fiber laser systems does not leave scars

on October 4, 2019

pink-ribbon-3713632_640Fiber laser system allows women to have surgery procedure of breast tumor removal without scars that takes less than an hour and leaves only a tiny puncture mark. Thus, a new laser system treatment for breast cancer was recently approved for application in the UK, and it is planned to use the fiber laser surgery in other countries.

To be more precise, the surgery by the fiber laser system requires just local anesthetic. Frances Barr from Bristol became one of the first women in Britain to be subjected to a new laser system surgery for breast cancer. Compared to traditional surgery with a general anesthetic, laser technology is based on the use of local anesthetic.

The principle of fiber laser operation is based on a fine, hollow needle that is inserted through the breast tissue into the tumor, herewith, a fiber probe is brought through the needle and a hot laser beam attacks the tumor. It should be noted that after the injection of local anesthetic into the front of the breast, then the doctor applies a handheld ultrasound monitor to guide a needle towards the tumor.

When the tip of the needle achieves it, the fiber laser probe is inserted to defeat  the cancerous tissue, herein, the patient is awake during the process. The woman said that she felt some inconveniences when the needle forced its way in, however, this was not painful. The dead tissue was also removed after the laser system surgery and no trace of cancer left. The laser technology succeeded.

Compared to a lumpectomy procedure, fiber laser treatment does not present any major risks, however, the procedure can not be currently used for breast tumors bigger than 20 mm in diameter. Nonetheless, the cancer surgery by fiber laser system is regarded to be particularly effective for older women with small breast tumors who may be less able to stand the traditional surgery. Also, the doctors have to be certain that the laser system treatment removes all cancer.

Every year about 25.000 women in the UK are exposed to a lumpectomy procedure for breast cancer, generally when the tumor has not spread. Conventional techniques are useful, however, leave scars that may become infected (1.5-10%). The new laser technology, in its turn, offers the same results, but without the collateral damage because of the tiny size of the entry point. 

The surgery by fiber laser system takes only ten minutes to achieve the required laser beam temperature of 60 °C to 100 °C. Additionally, the laser system has heat fiber sensors that detect enough temperature eliminating the risk of damage to healthy tissue. Finally, only two tiny puncture marks are left, and it is not necessary to keep a patient at the hospital. Herewith, the main benefit of fiber laser treatment is the opportunity to repeat the process if scans reveal it didn’t destroy all of the tumors the first time around.

Optromix is a fast-growing fiber laser manufacturer and a vendor of optical fiber sensors and optical monitoring systems. The company offers fast turnkey solutions and creates sophisticated fiber laser systems for special purposes. Optromix uses only its technologies and develops a broad variety of fiber lasers. If you have any questions or would like to buy a laser system, please contact us at info@optromix.com

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editorSurgery of breast tumors by fiber laser systems does not leave scars

Organic laser system enlarges its applications

on September 27, 2019

rays-1200805_640According to the last research, now it has become possible to design accessible laser systems that are able to emit laser beams of a wide range of colors resulting in new fields of applications from communications and sensing systems to displays. Thus, researchers from Japan have developed an optically pumped organic thin-film laser module that allows continuously producing laser beam light for 30 ms that is about 100 times longer than previously used laser devices.

Compared to conventional inorganic laser systems (used in CD drives and laser pointers), the principle of organic thin-film laser module’s operation is based on a thin layer of organic molecules as the laser medium that emits laser beams by producing and intensifying light during the excitement of an energy source. Herewith, an intense ultraviolet laser beam light from an inorganic laser system is regarded as the energy source.

Additionally, the organic laser system is highly potential because it offers such an advantage as the opportunity to more easily reach colors that are virtually impossible with inorganic laser devices. It should be noted that “by designing and synthesizing molecules with new structures, laser beam emission of any color of the rainbow is possible.” Although organic thin-film laser systems have been studied for a long time, such features as degradation and loss processes have significantly restricted the duration of laser beam emission.

Nonetheless, the researchers succeeded to overcome the mentioned challenges and enlarge the duration of laser system process by unifying three strategies:

  • the use of an organic fiber laser medium with triplet excitons that absorb a various color of laser beam light than that produced by the laser system to decrease main losses originating from the absorption of emission by packets of energy.
  •  the problem of thermal degradation is solved by manufacturing the laser devices on a crystalline silicon wafer and gluing a piece of sapphire glass on top of the organic laser system medium with a special polymer. The thing is that the silicon and sapphire material, applied in the organic thin-film laser module, are considered to be good heat conductors that reduce the heat level in the laser devices.
  • the strategy of optimization of a frequently used grating structure or mixed-order distributed feedback structure installed under the organic laser system medium to achieve optical feedback, the input energy required to keep the laser devices allows reducing to new lows.

These laser systems can be used in extreme environments, that is why searching for new laser techniques  to take away any inefficiencies and prevent laser devices from overheating. Moreover, the combination of the organic laser modules with inorganic ones enables to produce colors that are difficult to create employing a conventional type of lasers, with applications in process spectroscopy, communications, displays, and sensing systems.

Optromix is a fast-growing fiber laser manufacturer and a vendor of optical fiber sensors and optical monitoring systems. The company offers fast turnkey solutions and creates sophisticated fiber laser systems for special purposes. Optromix uses only its technologies and develops a broad variety of fiber lasers. If you have any questions or would like to buy a laser system, please contact us at info@optromix.com

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editorOrganic laser system enlarges its applications

Differences between fiber optic endoscope and borescope

on September 20, 2019

light-1502758_640It is a well-known fact that fiber optic technology has various fields of application. For instance, fiber technology has greatly improved the way industries perform repair operations of difficult or heavy equipment. Thus, fiber optic endoscopes and video borescopes enable to access or see hidden niches or joints in their hardware resulting in time and money economy that could be spent in complex disassembly operations.

It should be noted that fiber optic endoscope and video borescope are both optical fiber inspection devices. Nevertheless, it is necessary to determine which fiber optic device or unit will offer more advantages. Therefore, a company should understand what they will apply the optical device for before its choice. Some of the most obvious differences between endoscopic fiber system and video borescope are the following:

  • Durability

The thing is that the optical fiber in fiber optic endoscopes is regarded as thin and fragile. It means that the fibers can be easily broken if not handled correctly. Additionally, it is very easy to detect any damage to such fiber optic device: the quality of the projected image reduces in this case, and there are numerous black dots. Herewith, this fiber optic technology has limited articulation capability spanning no more than 90 degrees. Compared to fiber optic endoscopes, video borescopes, in their turn, are more shock resistant.

  • Image Resolution

Endoscopes based on optical fiber technology have a video image display system attached, but the obtained image is indirect. To be more precise, the image is provided by fiber optic bundles that catch the original image. Nevertheless, fiber optic endoscopes based on fiber technology could have black dots or broken pixels. A video borescope includes a tiny video camera installed at the distal end of the insertion tube.

  • Health Impact

Compared to video borescopes, fiber optic endoscopes have an insignificant impact on eyes when looking into eyepiece of optical fiberscope, herewith, such fiber technology has a lower cost than video borescopes that use additional larger PC or TV monitor.

  • Repair Cost

The damage of a fiber optic probe requires reconstruction of the entire unit while a video borescope consists of various modules that can be disassembled into individual parts. Finally, the optical fiber system based on fiber technology remains the most commonly used in various industries. 

Optromix is a provider of top quality special fibers and broad spectra optical fiber solutions. The company delivers the best quality special fibers and fiber cables, fiber optic bundles, spectroscopy fiber optic probes, probe couplers and accessories for process spectroscopy to clients. If you have any questions or would like to buy an optical fiber product, please contact us at info@optromix.com

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editorDifferences between fiber optic endoscope and borescope

Military application of laser systems

on September 12, 2019

us-army-379036_640Nowadays U.S. Army Infantry receives high threats, while they advance through wooded, rocky terrain to maneuver to contact and “close with the enemy” resulting in facing the most incoming fire of any army unit. This is the main reason why the U.S. Army needs additional protection. The application of laser technologies is considered to be a possible solution to the problem.

To be more precise, modern laser technologies can be implemented for the use of pre-shot detection, it means that such laser systems embedded in Army weapons would allow identifying enemy weapons before they are fired. The laser system enables to detect an optical part of a weapon (glass) directed at a military servant. It should be noted that such an opportunity for laser technology to see a person and detect a shot threat provides a great benefit.

Thus, according to researchers, the laser system technology allows soldiers to find their enemies without first being fired upon leading to saving human lives and changing military tactics. Nevertheless, these portable laser system emitters are still in development. Herewith, the developed laser technology should be used along with the Army’s existing Rapid Target Acquisition system that applies wireless data links to connect night vision goggles with rifle weapons sights.

Additionally, the application of such laser devices by military servants offers numerous new combat benefits. For example, laser system weapons are used both as an offensive weapon and a “detector” capable to find targets. Herein, there are scalable laser devices, it means that they are able to collect several laser beams or fire in more narrow configurations offering various options.

The application of the defensive laser system for detection may include soldier-fired offensive laser module weapons. The laser beams are very rapid (they travel at the speed of light), moreover, the laser devices are highly quiet. Therefore, it is possible to fire silently allowing military servants not to give up their position.

In spite of the fact that weapons based on laser technology are in development stages, they are already used in the following fields of laser application: firing laser devices for army strykers, the weapons system for the Navy, ground-testing laser weapons for the Air Force. A potential application of the laser system includes missile defense and armed drones engineered for space flight.

The use of laser technologies for military purposes has several developmental challenges. The thing is that mobile power sources are required for laser systems to operate, also portable laser devices pose some technical challenges which are necessary to be improved.

Optromix is a fast-growing fiber laser manufacturer and a vendor of optical fiber sensors and optical monitoring systems. The company offers fast turnkey solutions and creates sophisticated fiber laser systems for special purposes. Optromix uses only its technologies and develops a broad variety of fiber lasers. If you have any questions or would like to buy a laser system, please contact us at info@optromix.com

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editorMilitary application of laser systems

Laser systems help to study explosions

on September 6, 2019

sun-581299_640An explosion is considered to be a complex activity that is characterized by quickly changing temperatures, pressures and chemical concentrations. A special type of infrared laser system called a swept-wavelength external cavity quantum cascade tunable fiber laser offers valuable and never-before-seen information about explosive fireballs.

This fiber laser device is versatile and includes such an advantage as a broad wavelength tuning range that enables to measure numerous chemical substances as well as huge molecules in an explosive fireball. Researchers confirm that the capability of the laser system to measure and monitor the crucial changes during explosions will favor them to understand and even control the events.

The measurements by the laser system are performed with the help of rugged temperature or pressure probes placed inside an exploding fireball resulting in physical information, nevertheless,  the fiber laser device does not allow measuring chemical changes that may be created during the process of the explosion. Thus, it is possible to make a sampling of the donation end products by the tunable laser system, however, the data information will be presented only after the explosion is over.

The thing is that the laser system enables to detect molecules in the fireball by controlling the way they interact with light, significantly in the infrared region. It should be mentioned that “these measurements are fast and can be taken a safe distance away”, herewith, laser systems are essential for these purposes because fireballs are turbulent and contain highly absorbing substances.

The application of a new laser system device measures explosive occurrences real at faster speeds, at higher resolutions and for longer periods than it was possible before using infrared laser beam light. Therefore, now the swept-wavelength external cavity quantum cascade tunable fiber laser offers new measurements due to the combination of the best qualities provided high-resolution tunable laser system spectroscopy and broadband fiber optic techniques such as FTIR.

The fiber laser system was tested on four types of high-energy explosives, all integrated into a specially developed chamber to contain the fireball. Herewith, a laser beam from the tunable fiber laser is directed through this chamber while quickly changing the laser beam light’s wavelength, then the light is recorded throughout each explosion to measure changes.

Finally, the detailed analysis of the information obtained by the laser system offers the required data about temperature and concentrations of these substances throughout the explosive case. The tunable fiber laser opens a new way to study explosive detonations that could find other applications. Additionally, it is planned to extend the measurements due to the development of laser technology to more wavelengths, faster scan rates, and higher resolutions in the nearest future.

Optromix is a fast-growing fiber laser manufacturer and a vendor of optical fiber sensors and optical monitoring systems. The company offers fast turnkey solutions and creates sophisticated fiber laser systems for special purposes. Optromix uses only its technologies and develops a broad variety of fiber lasers. If you have any questions or would like to buy a laser system, please contact us at info@optromix.com

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editorLaser systems help to study explosions