All the time the moon plays a crucial role for research groups because it is a research station and starting point for further space expeditions that could offer numerous benefits for the developing of laser technology. Nevertheless, the costs of space flights and transports to the Moon remain pretty high (about €700,000). That is why it is planned to use laser systems for solving the problem.
In order to conquer the Earth’s satellite, it is necessary to produce infrastructure, components, and devices directly on the Moon. However, the question is what materials to use. Therefore, the researchers plan to apply a laser system at the satellite, developed to melt moon dust (regolith).
In this case, the main principle of the proposed laser technology is the use of a laser system with a weight of no more than 3kg and the volume of a big juice package. It is planned that the laser system technology will be able to melt down local materials on the moon and change them into different structures subsequently.
The researchers confirm that the test of laser technology was carried out. Finally, it demonstrates that it is possible to convert lunar regolith with already available hardware components, and this fact is highly important for the planning of future expeditions. Laser systems make larger and more sustainable projects on the surface of the moon possible.
To be more precise, the researchers plan to melt regolith or moon dust on the lunar surface in a controlled way with the help of their laser system technology. Then, the material is cooling and it forms a robust structure that can be employed for the building of future outpost in space.
However, the process of regolith melting by a laser system is required to be controlled using high-resolution sensing devices. Moreover, it is expected that the results obtained from the experiments of the laser technology would have a great influence on discovery missions in general.
Herewith, if such laser system application succeeds on the moon, then it will be possible to create larger structures, whole infrastructures, for example, foundations, paths, and landing surfaces due to the developed laser system technology. At the present time, the laser system project has been operating for about nine months.
It should be also noted that early experiments demonstrate highly promising results. To be precise, the laboratory setup is adapted; available, conventional laser system device with traditional hardware identified and tested, the fiber optics designed and tested, herein, specifics have not yet been revealed.
Nowadays, the researchers develop the fiber laser that will be able to adapt to the load compartment of the lunar vehicle (rover). The laser system is installed into a tunnel at the bottom of the rover and has to withstand shocks and massive temperature differences.
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