Fiber lasers have a fully tunable beam

Fiber Lasers with a tunable beamThe newly developed high-powered fiber laser provides real-time tuning of the laser beam characteristics directly from the output optical fiber using a fiber optic system. Laser systems have become indispensable tools for material processing, production, detection, protection, and scientific applications. 

This success is based on improved laser performance in several areas, including average and peak power, wavelength range, timeline flexibility (pulse duration and frequency, complex signals), efficiency, power stability, long-term reliability, maintenance, and operational requirements costs. 

High-powered fiber lasers were especially important for implementing some of these achievements and currently dominate in many areas of industrial production and microprocessing. In addition to the efficiency and reliability inherent in fiber lasers, fiber laser systems generally provide fiber delivery to the processing head, minimizing the load on the fiber optics in free space in the laser and the machine.

The opportunity to tune a laser beam is important, for example, when cutting metal (the largest industrial application), so a low-power beam with relatively high radiation quality provides the highest speed for thin material, but the maximum thickness is limited by the resulting narrow cut, which prevents melt removal. 

A more powerful and more divergent laser beam (lower beam quality) allows cutting a thicker sheet with a corresponding reduction in speed compared to a thin sheet. During welding with high beam quality laser, welds with a “deep penetration channel” are formed, while larger spots with lower laser beam quality create shallow welds in the heat conduction mode, aesthetic welds on thin parts.

Besides, the specific shape of the beam affects the heat transfer and temperature gradients in the workpiece. Unlike a Gaussian beam, a flat-topped laser beam can prevent over or under processing by providing uniform radiation, and ring beams are known to improve processing quality in some applications.

Most laser systems provide the fixed characteristics of the beam. The laser beam can be converted to a different format using refractive or diffractive fiber optic systems. Fiber laser systems with a fixed beam can operate only in a limited range of processes or materials and thus, suffer from reduced productivity or limits. 

Customizable laser beam characteristics would be highly desirable to ensure process optimization and tool versatility. Various approaches have been developed that provide a certain level of beam tuning, including zoom lenses, switchable diffractive optical elements, deformable mirrors, laser beam combiners, and (for fiber laser systems with a fiber radiation transport system) optical fiber connectors and switches with a motorized optics. 

Optromix is a fast-growing fiber laser manufacturer and a vendor of optical fiber sensors and optical monitoring systems. The company offers fast turnkey solutions and creates sophisticated fiber laser systems for special purposes. Optromix uses only its technologies and develops a broad variety of fiber lasers. If you have any questions or would like to buy a laser system, please  contact us at info@optromix.com

Extreme sound features of fiber laser systems

Fiber Lasers with diamondsDiamond is regarded as a predominantly interesting material for this type of laser system for several main reasons. The thing is that it offers high thermal conductivity that promotes the development of compact fiber laser systems that have such features as high stability and high power. Herewith, such fiber laser has also a much higher level of sound speed compared to other materials. Therefore, new laser systems enable directly synthesize frequencies in the hard-to-reach millimeter-wave band.

A team of researchers demonstrates that the laser beam light-sound interaction is predominantly strong in diamonds, also they develop the first bench-top Brillouin laser system that applies diamonds. It should be noted that the result is awesome, the thing is that the new fiber laser offers a highly practical technique with a greatly increased range of performance. Compared to previous versions, the laser system with a diamond can operate without having to limit the optical or sound waves in a waveguide to increase the interaction. 

To be more precise, it is easier to scale such fiber laser systems in size, they have much greater flexibility for monitoring the laser beam features as well as increasing power. Diamond opens new possibilities to use the unique features of Brillouin laser systems. Additionally, the fiber lasers result in numerous properties containing laser beam generation with ultra-pure and stable output frequency, the creation of new frequencies, and potentially, laser systems with exceptionally high efficiency.

The researchers confirm that the developed laser technology offers a new way to high-powered fiber lasers that are significantly efficient and have unique frequency features, for instance,  low-phase noise and narrow linewidth. Such laser beam features play a crucial role in applications that require the highest standards of noise-free frequency properties, for example, ultra-sensitive detection of gravitational waves or manipulating large arrays of qubits in quantum computers.

Moreover, the diamond in laser systems allows synthesizing very clear frequencies beyond the microwave band. Thus, “as a consequence of the very high speed of sound in diamond—a dashing 18 km/s—the frequency spacing between the input pump laser beam and the laser line is many times higher than in other materials.” It is possible to produce frequencies in the millimeter-wave band (30-300 GHz) employing a technique called photo-mixing. 

Finally, the fiber laser technology quantifies the strength of the light-sound interaction in diamond, a crucial parameter for predicting future design and performance resulting in the creation of a practical tool with over 10 W of laser beam power. Also, it is planned to expand the laser system abilities by offering fiber lasers with higher levels of frequency clarity and laser beam power required to maintain future progress in quantum science, wireless communications, and sensing.

Optromix is a fast-growing fiber laser manufacturer and a vendor of optical fiber sensors and optical monitoring systems. The company offers fast turnkey solutions and creates sophisticated fiber laser systems for special purposes. Optromix uses only its technologies and develops a broad variety of fiber lasers. If you have any questions or would like to buy a laser system, please contact us at info@optromix.com

Fiber lasers provide communication of small satellites

Fiber Lasers for  satellitesThe fact is numerous difficulties have to be overcome in linking small satellites via fiber lasers, however, progress is remarkable. The idea of laser system communication is not new and dates back to the birth of fiber lasers. Nevertheless, the first inter-satellite link provided by the fiber laser system has been recently demonstrated between two low-Earth-orbit satellites.

It should be noted that the laser system requires less than 25 seconds on average to lock onto each other and begins transmission in both directions at 5.6 Gbit/s. The fiber technology has been tested: “the two spacecraft were in a line of sight from each other, an average of about 20 minutes during which the laser beam link between them turned about 80°.” 

Herewith, NASA demonstrated the first fiber laser connection in deep space when its laser system device provided data transmission from the Moon at 622 Mbit/s. The laser technology offers a big improvement over data rates real with radio waves. The first commercial laser system inter-satellite link was performed in 2016 resulting in the transmission of high-priority image data collected by four satellites in low-Earth orbit at rates of 1.8 Gbit/s.

To be more precise, the high-speed fiber laser system in the low satellite allows tracking the geosynchronous satellite, that is why it can transmit images quickly, without the necessity to wait to pass over a ground station. Also, its high-speed fiber laser connection enables transmitting images to cloud servers on the ground. Herewith, a totally new vision has appeared for laser system link in space: applying fiber laser-connected satellites in low-Earth orbit to transmit broadband Internet and other services to places beyond the reach of fiber optic cables

Hundreds or thousands of small satellites are orbited 300 and 2000 km above the ground, while at least one satellite should be always in the sky above any point being served. Moreover,  these satellites would orbit around the Earth in several rings, located at various altitudes and positions to get rid of collisions. Thus, satellites would be located around each ring so fiber laser system connections would always have access to one or two adjacent satellites.

Finally, links provided by fiber lasers have crucial benefits over radio frequencies for inter-satellite links above the atmosphere, for instance, higher transmission bandwidth, smaller receivers, and tighter laser beams to enhance security. The main difficulty in the optical fiber band remains and includes the requirement to maintain fiber laser links between adjacent satellites as the whole constellation moves through space and the nearest neighbors of each satellite keep changing.

Optromix is a fast-growing fiber laser manufacturer and a vendor of optical fiber sensors and optical monitoring systems. The company offers fast turnkey solutions and creates sophisticated fiber laser systems for special purposes. Optromix uses only its technologies and develops a broad variety of fiber lasers. If you have any questions or would like to buy a laser system, please contact us at info@optromix.com

Fiber lasers stand guard over your eyes

Fiber lasers for eye treatmentA cataract is considered to be one of the most prevalent eye diseases. It should be noted that about one-third of all visual impairments are linked to cataracts. Despite the treatment methods are highly popular, most of them can be traumatizing at times apart from fiber laser technology.

Nowadays researchers continue working on the reduction of the side effects linked to cataract surgery. Therefore, new laser technology based on a fiber laser has been developed to activate the regeneration of adjacent tissue and also to get rid of the clouded-eye lens.

It is not new that the eye is regarded as the most vital organ. It enables seeing in the dark and in the light, trace fast objects and read the fine print. Nevertheless, problems with eyes lead to quick degradation of the eyesight or even its total disappearance.

The fiber laser technology promotes the treatment techniques for cataract and their increase. The treatment technique is based on surgery by laser systems that allow removing the clouded eye lens and replacing it with an artificial one made of plastic or sapphire due to high power laser beam.

Thus, the eye lens is crashed either with ultrasound or a fiber laser system. The operating principle of the fiber laser treatment is based on the application of the laser system where “a special tip is inserted into the anterior chamber of the eye close to the lens, and the laser beam breaks the lens into tiny fragments that are then removed from the eye. An artificial lens is then put in their place.”

Nevertheless, laser technology has some challenges that are the process damages the adjacent tissue, and the regeneration doesn’t always go well. In the past years, several research teams have been trying to reduce the traumatizing impact of cataract surgery, and the application of laser beam radiation to crash the cataract is considered to be promising.

It should be noted that the less powerful laser system not only lights up the surgical field but also triggers the regeneration of the impaired tissue. Therefore, new tests have been conducted in order to determine the best interaction way between the illuminating and the destroying fiber lasers.

Finally, the researchers claimed that the most efficient way is to apply both fiber laser systems concurrently. The fiber laser technology requires extensive work from optical engineers because it is impossible to penetrate the eye with two devices simultaneously due to the laser beam radiation.

The thing is that the simultaneous application of two laser systems is perfect because doctors obtain cells that are damaged however not crashed. The stimulation of their generation at once plays a crucial role. This is because the regeneration takes place in the most favorable conditions.

Optromix is a fast-growing fiber laser manufacturer and a vendor of optical fiber sensors and optical monitoring systems. The company offers fast turnkey solutions and creates sophisticated fiber laser systems for special purposes. Optromix uses only its technologies and develops a broad variety of fiber lasers. If you have any questions or would like to buy a laser system, please contact us at info@optromix.com

Fiber laser of super-pulsed type offers several benefits

Fiber Lasers and their benefits Researchers from the USA apply super pulsed fiber laser to treat stones, herewith, they also discovered several benefits compared with holmium laser system lithotripsy. Nevertheless, further research comparing the two is still required. The super pulsed fiber laser system is considered to be a new lithotripsy platform that differs from the holmium one used for the treatment of kidney stones.

To be more precise, compared to the holmium laser system that used 200-μm to 365-μm optical fibers, the super pulsed fiber laser enables the application of 150-μm core-sized optical fibers. The researchers demonstrate “a comparison of lithotripsy with 242-μm core-sized optical fiber holmium: YAG (AccuMax 200), to the 150-μm core-sized SPTF.”

The thulium fiber laser platform provides a benefit compared to the holmium: it has a compact size and can be plugged into a 120-volt outlet as a standard mobile phone. Another benefit of fiber laser technology includes the absence of noise. Herewith, the super pulsed laser system provides settings that the holmium does not, containing high-frequency settings up to 2400 Hz. Therefore, the fiber laser system allows dusting or fragmenting kidney stones.

The fiber laser technology provides high efficiency in stone treatment due to the high absorption of the laser beam energy by water. “The laser beam energy is emitted at a wavelength of 1,940 nm, which is at the tip of the curve for water absorption. For that reason, it is probably more effective than the holmium laser system.” Also, the small profile of the laser beam generated by the super pulsed fiber laser makes it possible to use smaller optical fibers—as low as 50 μm, based on bench testing while holmium laser systems use fibers greater than 200 μm. 

Consequently, the application of smaller optical fibers ensures three other benefits. The first is smaller fibers provide a better flexion to direct the system inside the kidney easier. Additionally, smaller optical fibers have better irrigation during the procedure with a better visualization. The third benefit includes the delivery of laser beam energy in a smaller area of the stone, producing fragments that are smaller dust-type fragments. Thus, virtually all patients with kidney stones who can be treated with the fiber laser system would benefit from fiber laser technology.

Finally, the super pulsed fiber laser is planned to be applied for a retrograde technique in patients that have larger stones that cannot be exposed to the percutaneous approach for reasons such as other comorbidities because it has the potential to be faster in terms of breaking up the stones.

Optromix is a fast-growing fiber laser manufacturer and a vendor of optical fiber sensors and optical monitoring systems. The company offers fast turnkey solutions and creates sophisticated fiber laser systems for special purposes. Optromix uses only its technologies and develops a broad variety of fiber lasers. If you have any questions or would like to buy a laser system, please contact us at info@optromix.com